沙漠奥斯卡 ── “美国火人祭”历年精彩图辑

【博闻社】堪称艺术界“奥斯卡”的“美国火人祭”(Burning Man Festival), 自1986年起,每年夏季都会在美国内华达州黑石沙漠举办。

“美国火人祭”之所以引发外界关注,是因这个活动要求参与者在杜绝外界联系下,力行十大原则的体现:绝对包容(radical inclusion)、餽赠(gifting)、去商品化(de-commodification)、绝对自己自足(radical self-reliance)、绝对自我表现(radical self-expression)、相互努力(communal effort)、公民责任(civic responsibility)、无痕(leaving no trace)、参与(participation)及即时(immediacy)。

下为历年“美国火人祭”的精彩照片(取自英媒独立报)
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Mandatory Credit: Photo by Neale Haynes/REX (432916an) Participant at the 'Burning Man' Festival 'Burning Man' Festival, Nevada, America - 2003
Mandatory Credit: Photo by Tim Coleman/REX (548199q) The Burning Man Festival - Art installation BURNING MAN FESTIVAL', BLACK ROCK DESERT, NEVADA, AMERICA  - AUG 2005
A woman sits in front of a mirror as part of an art installation during the 2015 Midburn festival in the Negev Desert near the Israeli kibbutz of Sde Boker on May 21, 2015. Some 6000 Israelis and foreigners attended the five days of the Midburn festival, the Israeli version of the popular Burning Man festival held annually in the Black Rock Desert of Nevada. AFP PHOTO/MENAHEM KAHANA == RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE ==        (Photo credit should read MENAHEM KAHANA/AFP/Getty Images)
BLACK ROCK DESERT, UNITED STATES:  Participants at the "Burning Man" festival play in the mud baths in the Black Rock Desert of Nevada 06 September. Some 15,000 people attended the 1998 "Burning Man" festival, which reportedly began 13 years ago in San Francisco, and which always culminates in the burning of a giant effigy of a man. The festival has grown into one of the nation's annual premiere countercultural events, with the size doubling virtually every year and drawing people from as far away as Japan, Europe and Australia.   AFP PHOTO   Mike NELSON (Photo credit should read MIKE NELSON/AFP/Getty Images)
BLACK ROCK CITY, UNITED STATES:  A bicycle rider makes it through a dense sand storm at Black Rock City's playa during the Burning Man Festival in Nevada 01 September 2000. An estimated thirty thousand people will attend the festival, a spontaneous encounter of artists, performers and spectators,  where the audience is expected to interact and collaborate during a week-long event.  AFP PHOTO (ELECTRONIC IMAGE) Hector MATA (Photo credit should read HECTOR MATA/AFP/Getty Images)
Mandatory Credit: Photo by Sipa Press/REX (294143b) 'BURNING MAN', A NEW AGE FESTIVAL IN THE NEVADA DESERT BURNING MAN FESTIVAL, NEVADA DESERT, AMERICA - SEP 1998
377801 09: People wearing illuminated costumes walk past the burning remains of a 52-foot tall wooden man September 2, 2000 during the15th annual Burning Man festival in the Black Rock Desert near Gerlach, Nevada. Despite high winds, dust storms, and a bit of rain, some 27,000 people camped out on a remote desert playa, or dry lake, for the week-long counter-cultural celebration of art and "radical self-expression." This year's theme was the body. (Photo by David McNew/Newsmakers)
A man drives his bicycle during the 2015 Midburn festival in the Negev Desert near the Israeli kibbutz of Sde Boker on May 23, 2015. Some 6000 Israelis and foreigners attended the five days of the Midburn festival, the Israeli version of the popular Burning Man festival held annually in the Black Rock Desert of Nevada. AFP PHOTO/MENAHEM KAHANA == RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE ==        (Photo credit should read MENAHEM KAHANA/AFP/Getty Images)
A man wearing teddy bears walks during the 2015 Midburn festival in the Negev Desert near the Israeli kibbutz of Sde Boker on May 23, 2015. Some 6000 Israelis and foreigners attended the five days of the Midburn festival, the Israeli version of the popular Burning Man festival held annually in the Black Rock Desert of Nevada. AFP PHOTO/MENAHEM KAHANA == RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE ==        (Photo credit should read MENAHEM KAHANA/AFP/Getty Images)
Mandatory Credit: Photo by Neale Haynes/REX (432916a) NAKED REVELLERS AT THE 'BURNING MAN' FESTIVAL 'Burning Man' Festival, Nevada, America - 2003
377801 14: Madelaina Bolouc, of Boulder, CO, performs a dance of reverence to Orisha and Obatala, in gratitude for blue sky and luminous clouds, September 2, 2000 at the 15th annual Burning Man festival in the Black Rock Desert near Gerlach, Nevada. Despite high winds, dust storms, and a bit of rain, some 27,000 people camped out on a remote desert playa, or dry lake, for the week-long counter-cultural celebration of art and "radical self-expression." This year's theme was the body. (Photo by David McNew/Newsmakers)
Mandatory Credit: Photo by Neale Haynes/REX (432916s) 'Burning Man' Festival, Nevada, America 'Burning Man' Festival, Nevada, America - 2003
Mandatory Credit: Photo by Neale Haynes/REX (432916y) 'Burning Man' Festival, Nevada, America 'Burning Man' Festival, Nevada, America - 2003
Mandatory Credit: Photo by Tim Coleman/REX (548199af) The Burning Man Festival - Man models his tattoos sitting on banana car. BURNING MAN FESTIVAL', BLACK ROCK DESERT, NEVADA, AMERICA  - AUG 2005
Mandatory Credit: Photo by Tim Coleman/REX (548199aa) The Burning Man Festival - Scorpion Car BURNING MAN FESTIVAL', BLACK ROCK DESERT, NEVADA, AMERICA  - AUG 2005

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